Marcus Belgrave : part. 1 / part. 2 / part. 3 / playlist de l’article

TribeAu cours des années 70, Marcus Belgrave devient une des figures de Tribe, collectif fondé à Détroit et dirigé par le saxophoniste Wendell Harrison et le tromboniste Phil Ranelin. Dans la même logique d’autogestion et d’indépendance à l’égard de l’industrie musicale que leurs homologues chicagoans de l’AACM, Tribe crée sa propre agence de promotion, son label (Tribe Records) et son magazine. Le collectif compte le groupe Mixed Bag et de nombreux musiciens comme Harold McKinney (p.), Ron Brooks (b.), Charles Moore (tp.), Doug Hammond (dr.), certains d’entre eux ayant travaillé pour la Motown mais sont parfois restés sur le carreau depuis le épart définitif du label pour Los Angeles en 1972 (ou atteints par le début du déclin de l’industrie automobile à de la Motor City)

Les productions musicales du collectif font preuve d’une grande diversité stylistique, de la soul au bop en passant par la musique latine, des pièces avec récitant ou des explorations bouillonantes et collectives à la Bitches Brew. Leur vaste imaginaire, d’ailleurs pas uniquement musical, incorpore également à la manière d’un Sun Ra quelques références à la conquête spatiale (le Space Odyssey de Marcus Belgrave) et des thèmes africanistes.

Les liner-notes de l’album An Evening With The Devil soulignent bien les valeurs du collectif : égalité démocratique en interne, engagement au service de la collectivité et volonté de lier le geste artistique à la réflexion sociale et politique:

« The Tribe is an extension of the tribes in the villages of Africa, our mother country. In Africa everyone had a talent to display. There were no superstars: just people and collectively all the people of the village played a vital role in shaping that culture. We see all black communities within this country as villages and the tribes are the people residing within them. The Tribe is composed of creative artists from the Metropolitan Detroit area who have travelled extensively with many well known musicians and have returned with the intention of sharing these experiences with our people in order to broaden the cultural base in this city. They are some of the most original and creative artists in the area. We hope to bring out points, situations and events that are happening in our communities by way of music, poetry, dance and rapping to the people. You see pure music must reflect the environment that we live in if it is to be educational and beneficial to our culture. It must portray our way of life. At this point in our history, harmony for the most part, is not reflected in our communities. There’s a lot of rebellious tension and discord, even though we have some groovy or harmonious moments along the way. There are many people within this society, black and white, who don’t understand what is happening in regards to the direction the black musicians are moving toward. Our music is reflecting more so than ever before the stress, tension and discord that is taking places within our communities along with the positive and harmonious things happening. This is evident when one listens to the music of composers like the late John Coltrane, Archie Shepp, Ornette Coleman and the late Albert Ayler. These guys understand the relationship between art and culture and they took the total vibrations, positive and negative, of the whole culture and served as amplifiers or speaker systems through the arts. You can not divorce art from its root culture and expect it to be relevant for both the artist and his culture. »

Marcus Belgrave participera à plusieurs disques enregistrés par le collectif Tribe durant ses cinq années d’existence.

 


 

Wendell Harrison – An Evening With The Devil (full album)

012_Wendell Harrison - An Evening With The Devil

Wendell Harrison – An Evening With The Devil
Tribe – PRSD 2212, Vinyl, Album, LP, US, 1972
Tracklist
A1 – Mary Had An Abortion – 3:30
A2 – Where Am I – 9:34
A3 – Vol II Angry Young Men – Part I – 2:11
B1 – Vol II Angry Young Men – Part II – 6:11
B2 – Consciousness – 2:50
B3 – Rebirth – 3:32
Credits
Bass – William Austin
Drums – Ike Daney
Electric Piano – Charles Eubanks
Flugelhorn – Marcus Belgrave
Saxophone [Tenor] – Wendell Harrison
Trombone – Phil Ranelin
Trumpet – Charles Moore
Vocals [Poetry] – Oba, Vajava

 

Les notes de pochette (suite) qui mélangent mysticisme astrologique et fort engagement politique :

« The album cover which was done by my wife Pat, represents two things. A man in the nude is kneeling with his head pointing downward and in one hand he is holding the head of a skull, while in the other hand he is holding the foot of the system or establishment that we live under in this country. One stands for the head of the system and the other stands for the foot of it. The skull represents the intellect and the skillful intellectual propaganda that’s going down both internally and externally. Included in this category is the businessman on Wall Street who owns and operate all of the major corporations within the country. With their finances and influence they dictate the governmental policies which create the negative vibrations that are opressing, disabling, and killing millions of people in Viet Nam, Africa, Latin America, and America by means of war in the name of democracy. War is profitable from an economical stand point and therefore the economy of the country is dependent upon it to survive. You also have the cunning intellectual ways of the law, by way of its Supreme Courts that legislate against the true rights of the people and deny them an equal opportunity with smoke screen issues like housing, civil rights and busing. This is balanced on the other hand or scale by the foot of the system. This brings into play your police forces like STRESS (Stop The Robberies Enjoy Safe Streets) in Detroit, a special detachment, who harass black people without a justifiable cause. Then there’s the total ripoffs that hapens within the prisions like Attica in N.Y. and the underground things like dope, prostitution, numbers racket and abortion. Actually what it is saying is that you have your upper and lower structure of the system. All these things are represented by the man in the nude and directly above him is the all-seeing eye that symbolizes the Creator of the planet observing all of these things that are taking place below. These life styles and forces are placed in the center of an astrological chart of myself wich is symbolic of every black person within the community trying to balance this hell of a monster. » Wendell Harrison (liner notes)

Contexte historique : dans les années 70, Détroit se relève aussi des terribles émeutes de 1967, qui ont eu pour conséquence l’accentuation de la ségrégation raciale, en accélérant  la fuite des blancs vers les banlieues. Les usines automobiles se délocalisent progressivement dans d’autres Etats du pays où la main d’œuvre est moins syndiquée et la fiscalité plus douce, voire à l’étranger. Le premier maire noir est élu en 1972.


 

Un album déjanté du pianiste Harold McKinney, qui illustre bien la diversité no-limit de Tribe, ici entre soul-jazz stratosphérique et célébrations opératiques africanistes. Au programme : moog, percussions et soprano survoltée – côté répertoire, deux reprises de tubes sensassFreedom Jazz Dance de Eddie Harris et Dolphin Dance de Herbie Hancock.

 

Harold McKinney – Freedom Jazz Dance

Harold McKinney – Ode To Africa

011_Harold McKinney_Voices And Rhythms Of The Creative Profile, 1974

Harold McKinney – Voices And Rhythms Of The Creative Profile
P-Vine Records – PCD-23571, Black Ark Series, 2004
Tracklist
1 – Ode To Africa – 9:06
2 – Heavenese – 5:48
3 – Out Of The Blues – 5:55
4 – In The Moog – 2:16
5 – Corner Stone – 4:32
6 – Freedom Jazz Dance
Written-By – E. Harris
6:13
7 – Dolphin Dance
Written-By – H. Hancock
7:24
Bonus Tracks
8 – Ode To Africa (Single Version) – 3:50
9 – Jelly Loa – 3:38
Credits
Bass – Ed Pickins
Composed By – Harold McKinney (tracks: 1-5, 8, 9)
Congas – Charles Miles
Drums – Ron Jackson
Engineer – Bob Meloche
Flute – Carol Taylor, Wendell Harrison
Other [Cover Design] – Billy Turner
Other [Liner Notes] – Grant Martin
Percussion – Billy Turner
Piano, Leader – Harold McKinney
Producer – Harold McKinney
Synthesizer [Moog] – Darryl Dybka
Trumpet – Marcus Belgrave
Vocals [Vocalist] – Gwen McKinney, Harold McKinney
Vocals [Voice] – Carol Taylor, Clarence McKinney, Ed Gooch, Eileen Cohill, Faye Blakely, Jenine Jackson, Sylvia Turner
Notes
Track 01 to 07 originally released as TRIBE PRSD-2233.
Track 08 to 09 originally released as JUBA (Rite On Rec. Co.) ROM 1004 (7 inch single)

 

Message from the tribe – Sounds from the village

010_tribe-message-from-the-tribe (1)

Wendell Harrison & Phillip Ranelin – Message From The Tribe
Tribe – AR 2501, Tribe – AR 2506, Vinyl, LP , US, 1972
Tracklist
Evening With The Devil (Suite In 3 Movements)
A1 – Mary Had An Abortion –
A2 – Where Am I –
A3 – Angry Young Man –
What Now? (Freedom Suite)
B1 – What We Need –
B2 – Angela’s Dilemma –
B3 – How Do We End All Of This Madness –
Credits
Bass, Electric Bass – Will Austin
Composed By – Phillip Ranelin (tracks: B1 to B3), Wendell Harrison (tracks: A1 to A3)
Drums – Ike Daney
Electric Piano – Charles Eubanks
Flugelhorn – Marcus Belgrave
Tenor Saxophone, Other [Poetry] – Wendell Harrison
Trombone, Vocals – Phillip Ranelin
Trumpet – Charles Moore
Vocals, Other [Poetry] – Jeamel Lee

 

 


 

Marcus Belgrave – Gemini II

009_Marcus Belgrave_Gemini 9

Marcus Belgrave – Gemini II
Tribe – PRSD 2228, Vinyl, LP, Album , US, 1974
Tracklist
A1 – Space Odyssey – 12:28
A2 – Glue Fingers (Part I) – 2:24
A3 – Glue Fingers (Part II) – 6:05
B1 – Gemini II – 5:35
B2 – Marcia’s Opal – 6:25
B3 – Odom’s Cave – 6:30
Companies etc
Recorded At – Pioneer Recording Studio
Credits
Bongos – Lorenzo Brown
Drums, Percussion [Misc.] – Billy Turner
Drums, Saw [Musical] – Roy Brooks
Electric Bass – Ed Pickens
Electric Piano – Harold McKinney
Engineer – Bob Meloche
Synthesizer [Mini Moog] – Daryl Dybka
Tenor Saxophone, Percussion [Misc.] – Wendell Harrison
Trombone, Percussion [Misc.] – Phillip Ranelin
Trumpet, Flugelhorn, Percussion [Misc.], Producer, Composed By – Marcus Belgrave
Notes
© 1974
Recorded at Pioneer Recording Studio, Inc. Produced by Marcus Belgrave, 8407 Gratiot, Detroit, Michigan.
A1 is misspelled on label as « Space Oddessy ».
Credit on labels: « Gemini II Featuring Marcus Belgrave »

 


 

Phil Ranelin – the Time is Now for Change ( outtake )

Phil Ranelin - the time is now for change

Phil Ranelin ‎- The Time Is Now!
Tribe Records, 1974<h/6>
Tracklist
1 – The Time Is Now For Change – 13:29
2 – Time Is Running Out
Soloist [Alto] – Haroun El Nil
4:37
3 – Of Times Gone By
Bass – Reggie Shoo Be Doo Fields*
Saxophone [Alto], Percussion – Haroun El Nil
Trumpet, Percussion – Charles Moore
8:41
4 – Black Destiny – 4:01
5 – 13th And Senate – 6:02
6 – He, The One We All Knew, Pt.1 – 3:09
Bonus Tracks
7 – The Time Is Now For Change (Outtake)
Clarinet [Bass], Saxophone [Alto] – Haroun El Nil
Soloist [Trumpet] – Marcus Belgrave
Trumpet, Percussion – Charles Moore
11:32
8 – Time Is Running Out (Extended) – 5:50
9 – He The One We All Knew (Extended) – 4:39<h/6>
Credits
Artwork By [Original Album Design, Cover Artwork] – Bili Turner
Artwork By [Original Album Design] – Phil Ranelin
Artwork By [Original Typesetting & Layout] – Carolyn V. Crawford
Bass – John Dana (tracks: 1, 3 to 6, 8, 9)
Drums, Percussion [Left Channel] – Bili Turner*
Drums, Percussion [Right Channel] – George Davidson (tracks: 1, 3 to 9)
Engineer [Assisted By, Coordinated By] – John Hughes
Flugelhorn, Percussion – Marcus Belgrave (tracks: 1 to 5, 7 to 9)
Mastered By – Roger Seibel
Mixed By, Technician [Restored By] – John McEntire
Other [Liner Notes] – Phil Ranelin
Photography – Hugh Grannom, Leni Sinclair, Marcus Belgrave, Norm Snyder
Piano, Percussion – Keith Vreeland
Producer – Phil Ranelin
Recorded By, Mixed By – Bob MeLoche*
Saxophone [Tenor], Percussion – Wendell Harrison (tracks: 1 to 5, 7 to 9)
Trombone, Percussion – Phil Ranelin
Written-By, Arranged By – Phil Ranelin
Notes
Tracks 2,7,8 recorded November 11, 1973. / Tracks 1, 3, 5, 7 recorded April 27, 1974. / Tracks 4, 6, 9 recorded April 28, 1974. / Recorded at Pioneer Studio. / Tracks 7 to 9 previously unreleased.
Restored and mixed at Soma Studios.
Mastered at SAE Mastering.
Tape transfers performed at Electrical Audio, Sound Factory, and Soma Studios.

L’espace…

Phil Ranelin – Vibes From The Tribe

Phil Ranelin - Vibes From the Tribe

Phil Ranelin ‎- Vibes From The Tribe
Tribe ‎- TRCD4008, 1976
Tracklist
A1 – Vibes From The Tribe (Prelude)
Bass [Electric] – Lopez Leon, Ron English
Drums – George Davidson
Electric Piano – Kenny Cox
Saxophone [Tenor] – Wendell Harrison
Trumpet – Marcus Belgrave
3:35
A2 – Sounds From The Village
Bass [Electric] – Lopez Leon
Drums – George Davidson
Electric Guitar – Ralph Armstrong
Electric Piano – Buddy Budson
Percussion – Barbara Huby
Saxophone [Tenor] – Wendell Harrison
3:44
A3 – Wife
Bass – Ralph Armstrong
Composed By – Wendell Harrison
Drums – George Davidson
Flute – Wendell Harrison
Lyrics By – Phil Ranelin
Piano – Harold McKinney
Vocals, Percussion – Phil Ranelin
5:54
A4 – For The Children
Bass – Ralph Armstrong
Congas, Percussion [Various] – Barbara Huby
Drums – George Davidson
Flute – Wendell Harrison
Lyrics By – Phil Ranelin
Percussion – Bud Spangler, Phil Ranelin
Piano – Harold McKinney
Vocals – Phil Ranelin
5:19
A5 – Vibes From The Tribe (Encore)
Bass [Electric] – Lopez Leon, Ron English
Drums – George Davidson
Electric Piano – Kenny Cox
Saxophone [Tenor] – Wendell Harrison
Trumpet – Marcus Belgrave
0:56
B – He The One We All Knew (Parts 1 & 2)
Bass – Ralph Armstrong
Drums – Tariq Abdus Samad
Percussion – Phil Ranelin
Piano – Ken Thomas (6)
Saxophone [Tenor, Soprano], Congas – Faruk Hanif Bey
Sitar [Zeetar] – Daud Abdul Kahafiz
18:05
Credits
Arranged By – Phil Ranelin
Co-producer [Associate Producer] – Bud Spangler
Composed By – Phil Ranelin (tracks: A1, A2, A4 to B)
Design [Back Cover Design], Typography [Typesetting] – Cleo Silvers
Engineer – Charles Moore (tracks: A1, A5), Greg Reilly (tracks: A2 to A4, B)
Engineer [Assistant] – Bud Spangler (tracks: A2 to A4, B)
Liner Notes – Betty Holloway
Mixed By – Bud Spangler, Greg Reilly, Phil Ranelin
Photography By [Cover And Liner Photos] – Vic Toliva
Remix – Bud Spangler, Greg Reilly, Phil Ranelin
Trombone – Phil Ranelin
Notes
© 1976
Tracks A2, A3, A4 and B recorded September 23, 1975 by Superdisc, Detroit, Michigan. Tracks A1 and A5 recorded at Strata Studio, Detroit Michigan.
Mastering by Superdisc.
Produced by Time Is Now Productions.

 

tribe_post_cards-1

Une des numéros du magazine publié par le collectif

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Sources

http://www.lemonde.fr/international/visuel/2013/07/30/la-chute-de-motor-city_3455312_3210.html